Smart growth is growth that minimizes the development footprint and optimizes existing and new infrastructure by creating complete communities that take advantage of increased density and compact design. It focuses on walkable neighbourhoods with a diversity of land uses and housing, transportation choice, preservation of natural landscapes, and cost effective development.
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Transit oriented development
Transit oriented development refers to compact mixed-use development that has high levels of employment and/or residential densities.
This type of development supports higher order transit service, optimizes transit investment and makes development more accessible for transit users.
Features can include roads laid out in a grid network, a pedestrian-friendly built form environment along roads to encourage walking to transit, reduced setbacks and parking requirements, placing parking at the sides and rears of buildings, and improved access between arterial roads and interior blocks in residential areas.
Mixed-use development combines compatible residential, commercial, institutional and recreational land uses within buildings or in close proximity to each other to increase density, reduce development footprint through land use, and improve public accessibility to amenities.
Compact Form promotes relatively high residential density with mixed land uses based on an efficient public transport system.
Higher densities allow for increased opportunities for social interaction as well as a feeling of safety in numbers. Higher residential densities support local businesses in closer proximity to where people live and support an efficient and cost effective transit system.
It is a more sustainable urban settlement type than urban sprawl because it is less dependent on the car and requires less infrastructure.
Coordinator, Long Range Planning